[SOLVED] The Circle of Intellectuals Kuhns
Submit a 1000 words paper on the topic The Circle of Intellectuals Kuhns Concept of Paradigms. Kuhn differentiated science and non-science through paradigms. Science takes place where there is a major paradigm and non-science appears due to lack of dominant paradigm. Thus Kuhn talks about infantile science without a dominant paradigm and a normal science or matured science with a dominant paradigm. He took paradigm as a basic accomplishment which includes both theory and a very good application to the results of observations and experiments. It is very important to keep in mind that though Kuhn differentiated between science and non-science through paradigms his differentiation was never based on objectivity. Karl Popper was against the confinement of science within faith and doctrine. Science follows the methods faithfully and these methods are objective. For Popper criticism is a necessary aspect for the scientific method of objectivity. The foundation of scientific rationality lies on the modernist project of reason, doubt, and criticism. To build this rationality science must be open to criticism and adapt critical attitude. Scientific knowledge according to him is snowballing. It is because of the positive approach of the scientists to go through falsification and they should be open to the criticism. According to Kuhn preconception and resistance seem to be the rule rather than the exception. He strongly believes that dogma is an essential part of mature science as the scientific paradigm is an open-ended achievement. It is necessary for scientists to be assertive in their beliefs in the paradigm. Then only they can further ensure the puzzle solving the task.
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