[SOLVED] Rationalization of the Society in Contemporary South Africa
Provide a 9 pages analysis while answering the following question: Weber Theory on Rationalization of the Society in Contemporary South Africa. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. In the bureaucratic system, individuals are chosen and given responsibilities based on their personal qualifications and credentials without any discrimination and are compensated by a salary (Campbell, 1981). Bureaucracy is based on formal and clear hierarchical structure of power and authority, elaborate and rationally derived division of labour, and it is governed by formal rules and procedures in decision-making (Hughes, Sharrock, and Martin, 2003, p.113). A bureaucratic system is flexible and allows movement, advocates for capitalism for wealth creation and profit maximisation, and aims at creating value through efficiency.Rationalization can be applied in the mechanization of agriculture in South Africa (Mrema, Baker, and Kahan, 2008). This involves the use of machines in crops production. It also involves the application in animal husbandry with the aim of improving quality and profits (Lund, Anthony, and Röcklinsberg, 2004, p.30). Crop production involves large-scale production of a single crop, high use of mechanization equipment and use of big tracks of land (Moore, 2012, p.47). This benefits them. hence they reduce costs through the benefits of economies of scale. It also involves the use of machinery to cultivate lands, irrigate, and harvest. There is also the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, and fungicides to improve the number of crops produced. The crops are grown the whole year, which is not dependent on seasons due to large-scale irrigation. There is also genetic modification of seeds to make them more resistant to diseases, adapt to changing climates, and enable them to increase production. Genetic modification of seeds is used to improve the variety and quality of seeds, which is aimed at increasing production for commercial purposes (Paoletti and Pimentel, 1996, p.669). .
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