[SOLVED] Philosophical Moral-ethical Issue
Utilitarianism is a consequentialist generalist moral system– meaning that the morally correct action is one which maximizes the good for the greatest number of society and that utility serves as a guiding moral principle. As a result, it is sometimes viewed as concerned more about probable outcomes than the means of attaining those outcomes so much as probable outcomes (hence the popular phrase: “the ends justifies the means”). Logic and rationalism thus must be employed to decide the best courses of action for the greatest good for the greatest number of people rather than employing pre-existing deontological values. Which do you feel is the predominant mode of society today: one in which we judge the goodness of actions primarily by consequences, or does society use absolute (deontological) values by which to decide if someone’s action is good or bad? Furthermore, do you believe we can employ moral principles, such as utility, as guides to our general action, or does each decision rely upon moral particularism and the unique specifics of each individual case? This is intended to be an open-ended and on-going question, so please do not feel that there is a specific right or wrong to itwhats more important is that you explain the process by which you draw your conclusion.
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