Oncology Nursing Forum Assignment

Oncology Nursing Forum Assignment
Explicit Assumptions About Knowing
Conceptual Foundations is a new column for Oncology Nursing Forum (ONF) that focuses on the frameworks that underpin research and practice initiatives. The purpose of this inaugural column is to provide an overview of what conceptual frameworks are, related terms, the role of conceptual frameworks in the research process, and why these frameworks matter. The majority of articles published in ONF are research manuscripts. Readers include student nurses, practicing oncology nurses, nurse managers, advanced practice on- cology nurses, nurse scientists, and people in other disciplines who are interested in patients with cancer. In the guidelines for ONF articles, peer reviewers are asked to address the conceptual model/ theory (if needed) that is included in the manuscript. For all who read, apply, and create knowledge, un- derstanding the conceptual frame- work underlying a research study is an essential skill to master. The conceptual framework may be ex- plicitly identified by the author or may be implicit. If not specifically stated, the reader must detect the underlying assumptions that form a conceptual foundation.
Definitions and Related Terms
What is a conceptual framework? Concept is defined as “an abstract or generic idea generalized from
Marie Flannery, PhD, RN, AOCN®, Associate Editor CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS
Flannery is a research assistant professor in the School of Nursing at the University of Rochester Medical Center in New York.
No financial relationships to disclose.
Flannery can be reached at [email protected] .Rochester.edu, with copy to editor at [email protected] ons.org.
Key words: concept; theory; framework; model; oncology
ONF, 43(2), 245–247.
doi: 10.1188/16.ONF.245-247
particular instances” (“Concept,” n.d., para. 1). Framework is de- fined as “the basic structure of something: a set of ideas or facts that provide support for some- thing” or “a supporting structure” (“Framework,” n.d., para. 1). Taken together, a conceptual framework consists of specified abstract ideas that are joined in an identified structure. Conceptual frameworks identify what is important in un- derstanding a phenomenon and provide guidance for relationships. No universally accepted definition exists for conceptual framework, and the term is sometimes used interchangeably with conceptual model, theoretical framework, and theory (Powers & Knapp, 2011).
Many terms are related to con- ceptual frameworks (see Table 1). Epistemology is a branch of philosophy that studies “how we know” and the justification of knowledge claims. Varying epis- temologic philosophic traditions have emphasized different aspects and views of knowledge, certainty, and truth, and have provided dif- fering interpretations of theory and concepts. Empirical philosophic traditions influence much of the current research and emphasize the systematic observation of real- ity through sensory observation (Powers & Knapp, 2011). Worldview refers to a general orientation or set of beliefs about how the world operates. Paradigm, a term coined by philosopher Thomas Kuhn,
246 VOL. 43, NO. 2, MARCH 2016 • ONCOLOGY NURSING FORUM
also refers to a system of beliefs about knowledge, often specific to a discipline. Theory is a term with many definitions; in the research realm, a scientific theory includes a set of statements or principles that explain phenomena. A theory is one type of a conceptual frame- work that always will include at least two concepts and at least one relational statement. Of note, not all conceptual frameworks will qualify as a theory. A model refers to a graphic representation; it may be a two-dimensional diagram or a three-dimensional mock-up. A con- ceptual model is a diagram or draw- ing of the conceptual framework.
A conceptual framework may be reflected in the worldview, ma- jor paradigm, or general orienting framework of the author. A con- ceptual model may be referenced or drawn in the article. A theory
may be referenced and explained. A conceptual framework may not be explicitly stated but may be discern- ible to the reader by the author’s stated and unstated assumptions. Specifically, the reader may be able to discern the framework used by what is studied, how it is studied, and what is measured. What is not included in the study also may be an indication of the implied framework. A concept that may seem vital to a clinician or researcher but was not included in the study may reflect its relative lack of prominence in the author’s conceptual framework.
Conceptual Frameworks and the Research Process
In the guidelines for manuscripts submitted to ONF, reviewers are asked to critique the use of con- ceptual frameworks in two specific
components of the manuscript. The literature review and discussion section guidelines specifically ask reviewers to consider the concep- tual framework or theory (if need- ed) that is used in the manuscript.
However, the integration of a con- ceptual framework actually threads and weaves through all compo- nents of the research process. The orienting framework or worldview provides a specific lens as to how an area of study is seen and how a clinical problem is identified. The choice of a theory or conceptual framework provides structure for the content that is included in the background and literature review. The framework or theory may be specifically discussed and a figure of the conceptual model included. The conceptual framework influ- ences the choice of method, set- ting, sample, instruments, proce- dures, and analysis strategies. The reviewer (and reader) often looks for a sense of coherence, logical consistency, and logical flow in a research study. The integration of a conceptual framework through all phases of the research process can provide a sense of coherence. For example, if the conceptual frame- work specifies that both patient and caregiver experiences are criti- cal to understanding the clinical issue, one might choose to conduct a descriptive longitudinal study conducted in the home setting; include patients and caregivers in the sample; include open-ended in- terviews, in addition to structured questionnaires, as measurement modalities; and include dyadic eval- uation techniques in the analysis.
The discussion section may in- clude comments on whether the conceptual framework worked or was helpful in the study, if the framework was supported or incon- sistent with study findings, or what revisions to the framework may be needed. Similarly, any practice implications and knowledge trans- lation may be influenced by the
TABLE 1. Terminology and Definitions for Conceptual Frameworks and Related Terms
Term Definition
Oncology Nursing Forum Assignment
Concept Abstract idea; building blocks of theory
Conceptual framework

So much stress and so little time? Take care of yourself: let us help you with your task on
Oncology Nursing Forum Assignment
Get a 20% Discount on this Paper
Get Help Now
Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
Sign up, place your order, and leave the rest to our professional paper writers in less than 2 minutes.
step 1
Upload assignment instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
s
Get personalized services with Do My Homeworkk
One writer for all your papers
You can select one writer for all your papers. This option enhances the consistency in the quality of your assignments. Select your preferred writer from the list of writers who have handledf your previous assignments
Same paper from different writers
Are you ordering the same assignment for a friend? You can get the same paper from different writers. The goal is to produce 100% unique and original papers
Copy of sources used
Our homework writers will provide you with copies of sources used on your request. Just add the option when plaing your order
What our partners say about us
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Economics
Thank you!
Customer 452493, March 16th, 2022
Nursing
Great services.
Customer 452443, November 22nd, 2021
Other
Thank you!
Customer 452493, May 29th, 2022
Economics
Although the paper did not make it at the requested time, the writer did reach out to me and asked for a short extension which I was okay with.
Customer 452493, March 16th, 2022
Economics
THANK YOU! :)
Customer 452493, April 12th, 2022
Nursing
Excellent! Followed directions and completed a great paper
Customer 452445, August 22nd, 2021
Business and administrative studies
Thank you so much for your help!!!!!
Customer 452519, November 9th, 2022
Chemistry
Excellent services!
Customer 452443, November 11th, 2021
Philosophy
Thank you! Will definitely use the writer again.
Customer 452443, October 22nd, 2021
Finance
Excellent. Thnk you
Customer 452443, October 22nd, 2021
Education
Awesome work, responded well and clarified everything.. Would definitely recommend, great service
Customer 452445, September 8th, 2021
Education
Looks good. Thank you!
Customer 452523, September 27th, 2022
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat

Order your essay today and save 15% with the discount code ESSAYHELP