NURS FPX 4010 Capella Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification Presentation

NURS FPX 4010 Capella Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification Presentation NURS FPX 4010 Capella Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification Presentation Assessments 2,3 & 4. Instructions are detailed in the attached documents. Also each assessment comes with an example. Specific documents for each assessment are also attached. ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS assessment_2_instructions_interview_and_interdisciplinary_issue_identification.pdf assessment_2_example.docx interview___issue_identification_template.docx interview_guide.docx assessment_3_instructions_interdisciplinary_plan_proposal.pdf assessment_4_instructions_stakeholder_presentation.pdf Assessment 2 Instructions: Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification Create a 2-4 page report on an interview you have conducted with a health care professional. You will identify an issue from the interview that could be improved with an interdisciplinary approach, and review best practices and evidence to address the issue. One way to approach designing an improvement project is to use the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycle. The Institute for Healthcare Improvement describes it thus: • The Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycle is shorthand for testing a change in the real work setting—by planning it, trying it, observing the results, and acting on what is learned. This is the scientific method adapted for action-oriented learning…Essentially, the PDSA cycle helps you test out change ideas on a smaller scale before evaluating the results and making adjustments before potentially launching into a somewhat larger scale project (n.d.). For this assessment, you will not be implementing all of the PDSA cycle. Instead, you are being asked to interview a health care professional of your choice to determine what kind of interdisciplinary problem he or she is experiencing or has experienced in the workplace. This interview, in Assessment 2, will inform the research that you will conduct to propose a plan for interdisciplinary collaboration in Assessment 3. Reference Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (n.d.). How to improve. Retrieved from http://www.ihi.org/resources/Pages/HowtoImprove/default.aspx Demonstration of Proficiency o Competency 2: Explain how interdisciplinary collaboration can be used to achieve desired patient and systems outcomes. ? Summarize an interview focused on past or current issues at a health care organization. ? Describe collaboration approaches from the literature that could be relevant in establishing or improving an interdisciplinary team to address an organizational issue. o Competency 3: Describe ways to incorporate evidence-based practice within an interdisciplinary team. ? Identify an issue from an interview for which an evidence-based interdisciplinary approach would be appropriate. o Competency 4: Explain how change management theories and leadership strategies can enable interdisciplinary teams to achieve specific organizational goals. ? Describe change theories and a leadership strategy that could help develop an interdisciplinary solution to an organizational issue. o Competency 5: Apply professional, scholarly, evidence-based communication strategies to impact patient, interdisciplinary team, and systems outcomes. ? Communicate with writing that is clear, logically organized, and professional, with correct grammar and spelling, using current APA style. Professional Context This assessment will introduce the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) Model to create change in an organization. By interviewing a colleague of your choice, you will begin gathering information about an interprofessional collaboration problem that your colleague is experiencing or has experienced. NURS FPX 4010 Capella Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification Presentation You will identify a change theory and leadership strategies to help solve this problem. Scenario This assessment is the first of three related assessments in which you will gather interview information (Assessment 2); design a proposal for interdisciplinary problem-solving, (Assessment 3); and report on how an interdisciplinary improvement plan could be implemented in a place of practice (Assessment 4). At the end of the course, your interviewee will have a proposal plan based on the PDSA cycle that he or she could present to stakeholders to address an interdisciplinary problem in the workplace. For this assessment, you will need to interview a health care professional such as a fellow learner, nursing colleague, administrator, business partner, or another appropriate person who could provide you with sufficient information regarding an organizational problem that he or she is experiencing or has experienced, or an area where they are seeking improvements. Consult the Interview Guide [DOCX] for an outline of how to prepare and the types of information you will need to complete this project successfully. Remember: this is just the first in a series of three assessments. Instructions For this assessment, you will report on the information that you collected in your interview, analyzing the interview data and identifying a past or current issue that would benefit from an interdisciplinary approach. This could be an issue that has not been addressed by an interdisciplinary approach or one that could benefit from improvements related to the interdisciplinary approach currently being used. Additionally, you will start laying the foundation for your Interdisciplinary Plan Proposal (Assessment 3) by researching potential change theories, leadership strategies, and collaboration approaches that could be relevant to issue you have identified. When submitting your plan, use the Interview and Issue Identification Template [DOCX], which will help you to stay organized and concise. As you complete the template, make sure you use APA format for in-text citations for the evidence and best practices that are informing your plan, as well as for the reference list at the end. Additionally, be sure to address the following, which corresponds to the grading criteria in the scoring guide. Please study the scoring guide carefully so you understand what is needed for a distinguished score. o Summarize an interview focused on past or current issues at a health care organization. o Identify an issue from an interview for which an evidence-based interdisciplinary approach would be appropriate. o Describe potential change theories and a leadership strategies that could inform an interdisciplinary solution to an organizational issue. o Describe collaboration approaches from the literature that could facilitate establishing or improving an interdisciplinary team to address an organizational issue. o Communicate with writing that is clear, logically organized, and professional, with correct grammar and spelling, and using current APA style. Additional Requirements o Length of submission: Use the provided template. Most submissions will be 2 to 4 pages in length. Be sure to include a reference page at the end of the plan.NURS FPX 4010 Capella Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification Presentation o Number of references: Cite a minimum of 3 sources of scholarly or professional evidence that support your central ideas. Resources should be no more than 5 years old. o APA formatting: Make sure that in-text citations and reference list follow current APA style. Running head: INTERVIEW AND INTERDISCIPLINARY ISSUE Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification Vicki Jahromi NURS-FPX4010 Capella University May 15, 2020 1 INTERVIEW AND INTERDISCIPLINARY ISSUE 2 Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification Interview Summary The interviewee for assessment two is an Advanced Certified Oncology Nurse Practitioner for a large cancer center. Due to the current situation with COVID-19, the interview was conducted via telephone, and the list of questions provided for the assessment was used as a basic guideline. The interview was performed in a semi-structured manner and was recorded. The cancer center where the interviewee works is comprised of many different disciplines such as; surgical, radiation and medical oncologists, pain management specialists, social workers, psychologists, nurse practitioners, and nursing staff for each discipline. A vital aspect of this practice is that it has been recently acquired by the Christian Care Health System and went from being a stand-alone medical oncology practice to being part of an enormous healthcare corporation. Naturally, there is an ongoing cultural change for the once independent office. The primary duties for the NP interviewed are coordinating between disciplines, writing referrals and orders, managing chemotherapy, pain management, education, and follow up calls. The most relevant issue from the nurse practitioner’s perspective is the various professions overstepping their boundaries and interfering in the practice of other disciplines. She states there has been a lack of strong motivational leadership in helping the oncology practice adjust to its new role within the more massive corporation. Additionally, collaboration on a large scale happens only when a patient is new to the cancer center. Upon diagnosis, a meeting is held with the patient, medical oncology, radiation oncology, surgical oncology, social work, nutrition, etc. After this initial meeting, collaboration is on an as-needed basis. For example, when chemotherapy is no longer shrinking a INTERVIEW AND INTERDISCIPLINARY ISSUE 3 patient’s tumor, the medical oncologist, surgical oncologist, and radiation oncologist will meet to discuss alternative options. The organization promotes teamwork but not necessarily true interprofessional collaboration. There is a silo mentality, and the physicians often exude a sense of entitlement. The interviewee attempted to work on a collaborative team. In one collaborative meeting, Christiana Care indicated it had never used Oncology Nurse Practitioners, and it would need to come up with a job description. Having thirty years RN and NP experience, the interviewee volunteered to assist but was dismissed and told they would let her know when the job description was completed. Hussain et al. (2015) suggests employee involvement is a crucial tool for overcoming resistance to organizational change, and it increases members’ input into decisions that affect the organization’s performance and well being. Issue Identification The issue identified during the interview is one discipline going outside its scope of practice and infringing on another discipline’s duties. NURS FPX 4010 Capella Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification Presentation For example, the medical oncology group manages a patient’s pain until it feels the patient’s pain is no longer controlled. The patient is then referred to the pain management group. Problems occur when a patient is having uncontrolled pain and mentions this at a visit with his/her medical oncologist. Does the practice adjust the pain meds? Or make the patient wait several days for an appointment with pain management? Similar problems occur among other disciplines as well. A multidisciplinary approach is appropriate for this problem, as it has the potential to disrupt patient care. Moreover, evidence supports the use of interprofessional practice as it leads to improved patient care, enhanced patient safety, and prevention of medical errors (Bosch & Mansel, 2015). Change Theory INTERVIEW AND INTERDISCIPLINARY ISSUE 4 The journals used to research change theory were all scholarly and peer-reviewed and to ensure their relevance all were published in the last five years. Change theory offers methods for understanding an organization, its groups, the values and beliefs they possess, and how this set of beliefs influences the culture of the organization and its openness to change. Depending on the particular theory, suggestions are made on how best to alter that belief system to motivate change. Kurt Lewin’s Field Theory offers a way of learning about group behavior by analyzing the relationships of interrelated environmental factors such as; the internal structure of the organization, its strategy, management and personnel, and external factors like policy or the economy. Understanding these forces allows practitioners to comprehend why groups act as they do and what forces need to be strengthened or diminished to bring about change (Hussain et al., 2016). Lewin’s theory is relevant because the culture of Christiana’s organization needs to be a target for change so that collaboration becomes the norm. This means thoroughly analyzing the groups within the organization and targeting their beliefs about their practices and the particular role they play in patient care and then presenting them with evidence supporting intercollaboration. Leadership Strategy All journal articles used to research leadership were scholarly and peer-reviewed. Their relevance was secured by ensuring all were published in the last five years. Leadership strategy is an attempt to organize, guide, and maintain the sincere and ardent commitment of the people carrying out a business strategy. The research has shown that the leadership style best suited for driving change is the transformational style. These leaders are defined as charismatic and inspirational; they possess effective communication skills, motivate, engage, and empower the INTERVIEW AND INTERDISCIPLINARY ISSUE 5 team (Bergstedt & Wei, 2020). The interviewee feels that the current leadership is weak, and there is a lack of communication and transparency. A transformational leader will possess the skills needed to move the cancer center towards an interdisciplinary approach. Collaborative Approach Throughout the literature, a familiar concept for driving successful intercollaboration is putting the patient first. According to Tomasik et al. (2015), “Focusing on the patient from their unique perspective serves as an equalizer in that patients’ interests supersede the potentially competing interests of individual team members. It helps people “connect the dots” between their role, patient care, and the mission of their organization” (p15). NURS FPX 4010 Capella Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification Presentation This is particularly true for the cancer center as the physicians and individual practices tend to operate in a bubble, and it can be disruptive to patient care. Additionally, Tomasik and Flemming ( 2015) calls for the use of active and respectful communication as a tool for building interprofessional collaboration. Healthcare professionals often have their own ideas about what constitutes successful communication. The authors argue that having a common language allows team members to avoid barriers to effective communication. The healthcare facilities successfully using interprofessional practice have uniform documentation, forums, emails, and meetings that involve all team members. One example of standardized communication that is seen throughout organizations successfully using collaborative practice is interprofessional rounding. This is seen as a highly effective practice that allows individuals to understand both their own and others contributions to the team. Open and respectful communication can contribute to problem- solving as a group, and open discussion allows for different perspectives to be heard (Tomasik & Flemming, 2015). Interprofessional rounding at Christiana Care would be beneficial as many of the professions are INTERVIEW AND INTERDISCIPLINARY ISSUE 6 often infringing on the practices of others. Daily collaborative rounding would alleviate this issue as well as give a unique insight into how to prevent it from happening in the future. Conclusion Change theory, leadership, and collaborative practice are all tools needed to improve the nature of healthcare, but none of these tools act independently. Change theory provides a mechanism for examining the culture of an organization and determining what it will take to produce change. However, change theory needs to be driven by effective leadership. The same is true for intercollaboration. The organization must be inspired and motivated towards this method of practice. Change theories might tell us how to get there, but ultimately it comes down to leadership style and being able to stimulate the workforce into accepting the concept of interdisciplinary practice. INTERVIEW AND INTERDISCIPLINARY ISSUE 7 References Batras, D., Duff, C., & Smith, B. J. (2015, November 14). Organizational change theory: Implications for health promotion practice. Health Promotion International, 31, 231-241. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dau098 Bergstedt, K., & Wei, H. (2020, February ). Leadership strategies to promote frontline nursing staff engagement. Nursing Management, 48-53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.NUMA.0000651204.39553.79 Bosch, B., & Mansel, H. (2015, July). Interprofessional collaboration in healthcare: Lessons to be learned from competitive sports. CPJRPC, 176-179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1715163515588106 Dyess, S. M., Sherman, R. O., Pratt, B. A., & Hanisko, L. C. (2016, January 14). Growing nurse leaders: Their perspectives on nursing leadership and today’s practice environment. The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 21(). NURS FPX 4010 Capella Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification Presentation http://dx.doi.org/10.3912/OJIN.Vol21No01PPT04 Hussain, S. T., Lei, S., Akram, T., Haider, M. J., & Hussain, S. H. (2016, July 14). Kurt Lewin’s change model: A critical review of the role of leadership and employee involvement in organizational change. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, 3, 125-127. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jik.2016.07.002 Tomasik, J., & Flemming, C. (2015). Lessons from the field: Promising interprofessional collaboration practices. Retrieved from www.rwjf.org/en/library/research/2015/03/lessons-from-the-field.html Running head: INTERVIEW & INTERDISCIPLINARY ISSUE IDENTIFICATION Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification YOUR NAME NURS-FPX4010 Capella University MONTH DAY, YEAR 1 INTERVIEW AND INTERDISCIPLINARY ISSUE IDENTIFICATION Interview Summary Summarize your interview in this section. Be sure to relate concise information about: • the health care organization that was discussed in the interview. • the interviewee’s role and duties. • the relevant issues at the organization. • any relevant comments on the actions taken by the organization or leadership previously and their effectiveness. • the organizational culture related to collaboration. • any relevant collaboration or interdisciplinary team experience you interviewee has had. The goal of this section is to convey what was discussed at the interview and identify an issue to pursue throughout the rest of this assessment (and future assessments in this course), as well as have enough information to relate theories, strategies, and approaches to the situation at the organization. Issue Identification Identify the issue from the interview for which you consider an evidence-based interdisciplinary approach appropriate. Provide one or more specific reasons why an interdisciplinary approach would be appropriate for the issue. Change Theories That Could Lead to an Interdisciplinary Solution For this section, look to the literature and describe one or more change theories that would help to develop an interdisciplinary solution to the identified issue. Also, you should briefly note the relevance and credibility of the sources that you cite. Another way to think through this section is: • What is the change theory? 2 INTERVIEW AND INTERDISCIPLINARY ISSUE IDENTIFICATION • How could it help create an interdisciplinary solution? • How relevant is the theory to the specific identified issue? • How credible is the source? Leadership Strategies That Could Lead to an Interdisciplinary Solution This section is similar to the previous one, except you will be looking to the literature to help you describe one or more leadership strategy that would help you develop an interdisciplinary solution to the identified issue. Also, you should briefly note the relevance and credibility of the sources that you cite. Another way to think through this section is: • What is the leadership strategy? • How could it help create an interdisciplinary solution? • How relevant is the strategy to the specific identified issue? • How credible is the source? Collaboration Approaches for Interdisciplinary Teams Again, this section will be similar to the previous once, except that the focus will be on collaboration approaches. Depending on whether or not your interviewee’s organization uses interdisciplinary teams frequently, your focus in this section may be on how to establish interdisciplinary teams and a collaborative foundation or how to improve the collaboration within an already established teams. You should also briefly n …NURS FPX 4010 Capella Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification Presentation Purchase answer to see full attachment Student has agreed that all tutoring, explanations, and answers provided by the tutor will be used to help in the learning process and in accordance with Studypool’s honor code & terms of service . Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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