[SOLVED] Modern Russia
Create a thesis and an outline on Modern Russia: A Burgeoning Democracy or a Returning Autocracy. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. links the Czarist regime with the Communist control and the re-constituted Soviet Union as well as the collapse of the Soviet Union under Mikhail Gorbachev. This paper attempts to identify the main features of the transition from autocracy to democracy and trace it to various aspects of Russian history. Final Days of the Czar At the turn of the 20th Century, the Russian economy was reliant on manufactured goods from Western Europe. Most of the economy was based on agricultural products. Sergei Witte’s report to the last Czar in the late 1800s suggested that the ruling class (landed nobles) were at the head of affairs and they controlled everything (Berg &. Perry, 2011 p86). In the report, Sergei Witte, a major statesman sought to encourage to Czar to undertake reforms that would transform the country’s economy from one based on agricultural production to one that would be industrialized and advanced to stand neck-to-neck with other contemporary economies in Western Europe and United States. Unfortunately, the ruling class did not accept it because such a move would deprive them of the luxuries they enjoyed and this would also make them lose their hold on the control of the masses. The history of the ruling class of Russia could be traced to the Middle Ages where the Russian monarchy maintained a feudal system whereby the nobles were to collect rents from peasants with little or no control by the Czar (Sakwa, 2011 p112). Up until 1900, the ruling class was still influential and they kept the masses under very harsh conditions which needed to be addressed. Elsewhere in Europe the Enlightenment had already occurred and this had broken down feudal systems and absolute monarchies.
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