[SOLUTION] Main Reasons for the Growth in Popularity of Novels
ENGL 311 Midterm Study Guide: Be sure that you have read each of the three novels and noted passages that you think are particularly indicative of a particular concept relating to 18th literature that we have been discussing this semester. Novels: Oroonoko (entire novel) Robinson Crusoe (entire novel) Gullivers Travels (Publisher to the Reader pp. 2-9 and Part 1 pp. 1-95) Slide Shows: (on Moodle) Introduction (Week 1) Rise of the Novel Chapter 1 (Week 2) Rise of the Novel Chapter 2 (Week 2) Your Notes Ideas/Concepts/Questions to consider: (be sure to think about specific examples from the novels when appropriate) · What are the different ways to date this period (the 18th century) and what are some of the implications of one dating period over another? · What are some of the main reasons for the growth in popularity of novels at this period in time? · What role(s) or purpose(s) did novel serve? · What are some key things to know about class and gender during this period, and especially in connection to the novel/reading? · In what way (according to Watt) was realism a key aspect of the novel? What does he mean by formal realism? · Be prepared to discuss and provide examples for each of the five characteristics that Watt explains are part of the novel of the 18th century: Challenge to literary traditionalism Particulars in character and setting Naming Time Space · How do demographic issues (class, gender, urban/rural) influence who is reading? How does this influence what is being written? · How do the novels reflect attitudes toward slavery and/or colonialism (or imperialism) at this time? · How do religion and capitalism intersect? · How do novels portray religious and political issues of the day? · Discuss the previous period of literature (neoclassicism) to the new period of literature (the novel). · Why do so many of the novels call themselves a history? · How does satire work?
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