[SOLUTION] Laws Regulating Workplace Conditions and Environmental Impact
1)On New Years Eve Sober Stan sneezes while at the wheel of a car and accidentally plows into a family of four, killing them all. On the following morning Drunk Dan, inebriated after a night of partying, loses control of his vehicle and plows into a different family of four, killing them all. Was Stan free to do otherwise? Is he morally responsible for the deaths? Was Drunk Dan free to do otherwise? Is he morally responsible for the deaths? Briefly explain hard determinism, soft determinism, and libertarianism, and show how proponents of each approach would answer all of the above questions. Along the way, youll want to be sure to explain the difference between compatibilism and incompatibilism. In the end, which approach seems strongest to you here? Why? Elaborate fully. 2)Zeus, Inc., a supplier of athletic shoes, operates its central manufacturing plant overseas. The bulk of its workforce is under age twelve. These employees receive the prevailing wage for that area ($1.50 for a fourteen-hour day). Unemployment is so high in the region that these children are sometimes the sole source of income for their families. Laws regulating workplace conditions and environmental impact are non-existent in that part of the world. Zeus is the largest vendor of athletic shoes in the U.S., in part because the company is able to sell its product at a far cheaper price than goods produced domestically. Is Zeus engaged in morally permissible behavior? Or is Zeus guilty of certain moral transgressions it should correct? Do U.S. consumers have any obligation to refrain from purchasing such products based on concerns regarding environmental impact, workers rights, and child labor? Or may they purchase these products in good conscience? Explain Mills greatest happiness principle and suggest how Mill would respond to these questions. Be sure to cite instances of both positive and negative utility. Next, explain Kants categorical imperative in detail and suggest how Kant would respond. Who makes the strongest case in the end? Why? Explain fully
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