[Get Solution] International Law

Write an article on International Law. It needs to be at least 750 words. Question According to a recent lecture in our one of the major weaknesses of the UN’s conventions that protect the rights of individuals, children, women, and ethnic and racial minorities is their lack of implementation. Most individuals lack the ability to assert their rights before international tribunals. as a result, only nations can bring a suit or file a protest against other states, meaning that the state has legal rights, not individuals. If that is the case, international law in the form of these human rights conventions and covenants do little in protecting individual human rights, which is the purpose of treaties such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Convention of the Rights of the Child, and the Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, and they are not worth the paper they are written on. This makes little sense, since these treaties are international law, and should have the full force of the international community behind them. In some sense, it is a positive move that the UN has declared human rights to be important, and that membership in the UN is dependent upon nations agreeing to the contents of these conventions. Portuguese sociologist Catarina Tomas (2008), when speaking of the Convention of the Rights of the Child (CRC), agrees that there is a problem with enforcing and implementing these treaties. She states that while the CRC has been ratified by the most nations, it is the least honored of all the UN conventions. Although the 1980s and 1990s saw an increase in the codification of the rights of the child, “these legal, abstract and universal norms have not always corresponded to social practices” (p. 6). This could amount to little more than lip service. although most nations acknowledge the legitimacy of the CRC and similar documents, they have demonstrated little commitment to their implementation. Tomas calls for increased involvement of international organizations like the UN, NGOs, and governments to change this. Question 2 As Shaw’s textbook on international law (2008) states, “International law is based on the concept of the state” (p. 487). Much of international law overlaps considerably with state sovereignty, however, it does often limit it. Third world and developing nations are most at risk of their sovereignty being limited because they do not have as much influence as the more powerful countries, which have more of a say in the UN, especially those that have a seat on the Security Council. Nevertheless, there are those that say that if developing countries want to participate in the international community, they need to agree to international law and the universal concepts of human rights. If they do not wish to, they can choose to accept the consequences of not participating in the international community. Question 3 The U.S. has signed ____ of these human rights conventions. One of the most notable exceptions is the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). Although the U.S. played an active role in drafting it and signed it in 1995, the country has not yet ratified it, making the U.S. and Somalia the only two countries in the world that has not ratified it. Opposition to the CRC has come mainly from political and religious conservatives due to concerns about parental rights and threats to national control over domestic policy. There are also concerns about the CRC’s mandates against the death penalty and abortion. opponents state that it is in opposition to many federal laws, including those regarding the death penalty for minors. They are also opposed to the CRC’s position that a fetus does not constitute a child (UNICEF, n.d.). Question 4 The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) is a human rights treaty that was adopted by the U.N. General Assembly in 1979. The U.S. is the only developed nation in the world that has not yet ratified it, although they have signed it, in 1980. The CEDAW, which establishes an agenda to end all sex-based discrimination, defines discrimination in this way: …Any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field (Office, 1979). States that ratify the CEDAW are required to eliminate prejudices and customs based upon the belief in the inferiority or superiority of one sex, as well as those that perpetuate stereotyped roles for men and women. They must enact laws and legislation that preserve gender equality, repeal all discriminatory provisions in their laws, and exact new laws that that prevent the discrimination of women. This includes suppressing human trafficking in the form of prostitution, ensuring the right to education, and establishing tribunals and public institutions that discourage discrimination against women. The U.S., as well as other states and NGOs, have not yet signed the CADAW because they believe it promotes radical feminism and liberal attitudes regarding birth control and abortion. One of the precepts in the CADAW is freeing access to birth control and abortion, and many conservative groups, as well as the Vatican and strongly Catholic nations, are opposed to it. Reference List Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (1979). Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. Retrieved from http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/cedaw.htm. Shaw, M. (2008). International Law. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Tomas, C. (2008). Childhood and rights: Reflections on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. Childhoods Today. 2(2). Retrieved from http://www.childhoodstoday.org/download.php?id=19. UNICEF. (n.d.). Convention on the Rights of the Child: Frequently asked questions. Retrieved from http://www.unicef.org/crc/index_30229.html.

 

So much stress and so little time? Take care of yourself: let us help you with your task on
[Get Solution] International Law
Get a 20% Discount on this Paper
Get Help Now

 

So much stress and so little time? We’ve got you covered. Get your paper proofread, edited or written from scratch within the tight deadline.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
Sign up, place your order, and leave the rest to our professional paper writers in less than 2 minutes.
step 1
Upload assignment instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
s
Get personalized services with Do My Homeworkk
One writer for all your papers
You can select one writer for all your papers. This option enhances the consistency in the quality of your assignments. Select your preferred writer from the list of writers who have handledf your previous assignments
Same paper from different writers
Are you ordering the same assignment for a friend? You can get the same paper from different writers. The goal is to produce 100% unique and original papers
Copy of sources used
Our homework writers will provide you with copies of sources used on your request. Just add the option when plaing your order
What our partners say about us
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Nursing
Excellent! Followed directions and completed a great paper
Customer 452445, August 22nd, 2021
Management
Job done to satisfaction. Thank you!
Customer 452443, October 31st, 2021
Chemistry
Excellent services!
Customer 452443, November 11th, 2021
Business Studies
I can't even explain how much your help meant to me. Thnk you always
Customer 452443, November 15th, 2021
M5A1 Outline and Thesis
Paper was late
Customer 452457, November 15th, 2021
Classic English Literature
Much appreciated - thank you very much!
Customer 452493, April 13th, 2022
Philosophy
The paper was done to my satisfaction. Thnk you.
Customer 452443, November 18th, 2021
Anthropology
Thank you
Customer 452445, August 20th, 2021
Economics
Thank you - much appreciated!
Customer 452493, April 2nd, 2022
Education
Awesome work, responded well and clarified everything.. Would definitely recommend, great service
Customer 452445, September 8th, 2021
Economics
Thank you!
Customer 452493, March 16th, 2022
Other
Thank you!
Customer 452493, May 29th, 2022
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat

Order your essay today and save 15% with the discount code ESSAYHELP