[SOLUTION] Emancipation Proclamation
On September 22nd, 1862, President Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation – Five days after Battle of Antietam and it would be effective on January 1st, 1863 – This proclamation would bring slavery to an end in the seceding states – It made no mention of the Union slave states or Border States – Lincoln did not want to push them away to joining the Confederacy – However, this made clear that slavery had no future in United States – Lincoln needed a victory to announce proclamation and he used Battle of Antietam – It was only a tactical victory for North, but it was enough for Lincoln – Importance of Emancipation Proclamation – It gave a moral purpose to the war – It was to set people free, specifically the slaves – Restoring the Union was still a goal – This ended any possible international help for Confederacy – The Civil War was, without a doubt, about slavery – Other countries recognized this and would not interfere – The South was isolated and alone – Many Southern slaves heard of the proclamation and Lincoln became their liberator – Some slaves fled their plantations, heading north and hurting labor in South – Union Armies did not know what to do with runaway slaves at first – They were labeled contra-band because Southerners said they were property – They were allowed to stay with Union Army and/or head North – After the proclamation, many volunteered to fight – After Emancipation Proclamation, runaway slaves and free African-Americans volunteered for Union Army – The Union Army enlisted approximately 186,000 African-Americans, in 63 separate units – They fought in many battles and made up 10% of Union Army – Some were able to serve in the Union Navy – Earned the respect of their Anglo-Union peers because they fought well – However, they faced discrimination in Union Army, being paid only $10 a month – All other Anglo-Union soldiers received $13 a month – On January 26th, 1863, recruitment began for the first and most famous African-American unit – 54th Massachusetts Regiment was created in Boston, Massachusetts and it formed almost 1,100 men – They were made up of runaway slaves from South and free African-Americans from North – Trained and led by Colonel Robert Gould Shaw (1837-1863) – He was son of prominent abolitionist family in Massachusetts – On May 13th, 1863, the 54th Unit became active – Inspired movie Glory, made in 1989 – The 54th fought in minor skirmishes until July, 1863 – The regiment volunteered to lead attack on Fort Wagner, South Carolina – It was an important battery south of Fort Sumter, near Charleston Harbor – On July 18th, 1863, the Battle of Fort Wagner was fought – The 54th assault failed with heavy losses as they were unable to capture fort – About 100 were killed, including Col. Shaw and another 275 wounded – Col. Shaw was buried in mass grave by Confederates, with his soldiers – Intended for disrespect, Shaws father said his son would have wanted that – In defeat, African-American soldiers earned respect as a fighting force – They were brave soldiers, worthy of valor and proved freedom isnt free Specific Discussion Board Post Instructions: Discussion Board Post Assignments are 100 Points Each – Edit function is disabled to prevent copy/paste or plagiarism of what other students have written after making original post – This is standard procedure for online discussion board assignments – Examples are on a separate posted PDF document in Canvas – Original 300-word post is worth 50 points – Each 150-word reply posts are worth 25 points each – Loss of points will occur for not following Specific Discussion Board Post Instructions – Discussion Board Posts are worth 20 percent of students overall grade – Students must first make an original post before they can see and reply to other students posts – Each original post (50 pts) must answer all questions listed on discussion thread, in the module – The posts must have a title (-5 pts), which includes an accurate word count (-5 pts) – The original post must have at least 300 words (loss of pts equal % short of 300 words) – Last question requires use of I think, I believe or in my opinion – After making an original post, two reply posts (25 pts each) must be made to other students original posts – These reply posts must be a response to specific topic in other students original post – These replies must be at least 150 words (loss of pts equal % short of 150 words) – Each reply must have accurate word count posted (-5 pts) – Each reply post must be original and not copy and paste from any other post – Plagiarism of yourself or other students replies will result in zero – Standard rules for both original and reply posts: – Late work is not accepted, with all posts completed fully, accurately and by due date (11:59pm) – Students must answer the Discussion Board Post Questions in original post – Rambling text that does not specifically answer questions may result in a zero – College level work includes proper grammar, professional courtesy and respect other students posts – Neat and organized format is required, with at least three sentences for each paragraph written – Never start sentence/paragraph with Because, But, and/or So – Students must use their own words, never plagiarize others or themselves – Plagiarism includes copying one reply and pasting as a second reply to a different student – Changing a few words or rearranging the reply is still plagiarism – It is best to keep each reply unique or about a completely different topic – Plagiarism will result in a zero or possible removal and failure of course – Do not copy/paste original posts or reply posts for duplication purposes or replies to others, as this is plagiarism – Reply about the historical topic of what the person wrote in their original post – Do not be critical of another students writing style or grammar – Only write about historical topic and not get personal such as good luck with final or happy birthday or lets hang out – This has nothing to do with course material and will not count for assignment and may lead to reduction of points – If student chooses to re-write the questions in their original post, this does NOT count as word count – There is enough material for at least a 300 word, original summary for all questions – Works Cited or Bibliography is not required – Do not post original post multiple times – Only written portion of discussion counts towards Word Count, not including title, hello “” or word count: 150 Specific Discussion Board Questions (Answer ALL and give Opinions) On September 22nd, 1862, what did Abraham Lincoln announce and what was its importance? What are some of the facts and statistics of African-American soldiers during the Civil War? IN YOUR OPINION, how did the 54th Massachusetts (specifically the African-American soldiers) earn respect as a fighting force with their actions on July 18th, 1863? Defend your opinion.
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