Discussion: Autism Among Children in America

Discussion: Autism Among Children in America ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Discussion: Autism Among Children in America this is a continues for the introduction that I have attached. You will write at least six full double-spaced pages summarizing original scientific studies on the topic you chose. You need to have at least 10 peer-reviewed journal articles in this section. Please also include a reference page and all citations should be in current APA format. Discussion: Autism Among Children in America intro___autism_among_children_in_america.docx 1 RESEARCH PAPER Student Name Tutor Name Course Date 2 Recent studies have put forward that while significant progress has been made on some fronts in the medical realm, the pervasiveness of ASD among children in America has increased dramatically over the past decade. Findings from a recent survey propose that the incidence rate of ASD among children aged 3 to 17 years has increased tenfold over the last ten years. In fact, the point prevalence was estimated at 100 per 11000 persons with about 672,000 children reported to have the disorder. Additionally, it was reported that boys were four times more likely to have ASD compared to girls and that the disease is prevalent among socioeconomic, ethnic, and racial groups. According to the report, non-Hispanic white children had 3% higher probabilities of being diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to multiracial and non-Hispanic black children. As a result, there is a growing concern that this rise in prevalence could result in ASD being termed a global ‘epidemic.’ Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that impairs the ability to interact and communicate. As such, it creates challenges in non-verbal communication, speech, repetitive behaviors, and social skills. There are various subtypes of ASD which are influenced by environmental and genetic factors. Additionally, factors such as mental health challenges such as depression, anxiety, as well as medical issues such as sleep disorders, seizures, and sensory sensitivity may influence the development of ASD. Discussion: Autism Among Children in America Being a spectrum disorder, autism poses distinct sets of challenges and strengths for each individual with the disease from essential learning to the individual’s problem-solving capabilities or even thinking. This may encompass even the ability to undertake day to day activities in that some individuals may lively wholly independently; some may need less support while others may require significant support. Additionally, there exist numerous functional limitations for individuals with autism ranging from increasingly high health 3 care costs to unmet healthcare needs that have consequently posed a burden to the American healthcare system. The presentation of the disorder, as well as the impairment, vary in severity and range as aforementioned as well as the acquired development skills. This may explain why there are milder forms of ASD among some individuals while other show more severe forms of autism but does not explain why the rate of prevalence of ASD is remarkably higher particularly between 2010 to 2018. Various studies have attempted to determine the reasons behind this increase. According to research, the diagnosis and definition of autism have broadened over the years with a probable increase in the number of children diagnosed with ASD. These reports further suggest that the diagnostic criteria are now more narrowly defined to encompass even the milder forms of autism. This diagnostic change could potentially mean that there exist a percentage of children who were previously diagnosed but do not currently have ASD and thus do not currently fit the new diagnostic criteria. Additionally, this poses significant challenges including lack of precision in the diagnosis of ASD whose effects could be detrimental including the fact that it is not exclusively possible to assess whether the high proportion of previously diagnosed children is attributable to milder forms of ASD which were not initially included in the criteria. Further findings from clinical studies revealed that because data is cross-sectional, various aspects such as birth- cohort differences could not be adequately assessed. Additionally, developmental screening may have been a basis for a suspected diagnosis of ASD, which may further explain the high rates of autism in America. Discussion: Autism Among Children in America Another probable explanation is that children with learning disabilities, mental retardation, and developmental delay may have been initially said to have ASD which may not apply in later years. Besides, the lack of external validation to ascertain whether the child indeed meets the criteria for ASD is another possibility explaining the 4 high prevalence rates. Also, diagnostic substitution and the need to acquire receipts for acquiring publicly funded programs could potentially explain why these rates have increased over recent years. As such, there is need to advance research to further enhance the comprehension of the increased prevalence of the disease as well as provide high quality medical services to meet the complex medical needs of children with autism across the spectrum. Purpose The occurrence of ASD among children in America has increased tenfold over the past decade with reports suggesting that there are approximately 6 in 1000 children in America who have autism. Some of the reasons provided for the high prevalence rates include diagnostic substitution, lack of external validation, suspected diagnosis arising from developmental screening, lack of precision in diagnosis as well as diagnostic changes to encompass the milder forms of autism spectrum disorder.Discussion: Autism Among Children in America The main objective of this report is thus to acquire relevant information regarding the increasing prevalence rates in autism among children in America. The target population is children between ages 3 and 17 who are diagnosed with autism in America. Continuous monitoring of autism spectrum disorder and augmentation of life-enhancing research still remains an urgent health priority in the war for the attainment of improved global health and wellbeing. 5 References Faras, H., Al Ateeqi, N., & Tidmarsh, L. (2010). Autism spectrum disorders. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 30(4), 295-300. Yeargin-Allsopp, M., Rice, C., Karapurkar, T., Doernberg, N., Boyle, C., & Murphy, C. (2003). Pervasiveness of autism in a US metropolitan area. Jama, 289(1), 49-55. … Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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