Diabetes and Drug Treatments

For this Discussion, you compare types of diabetes, including drug treatments for type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes.
Reference: American Diabetes Association. (2019). Statistics about diabetes. Retrieved from http://diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/statistics/
To Prepare
Review the Resources for this module and reflect on differences between types of diabetes, including type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes.
Select one type of diabetes to focus on for this Discussion.
Consider one type of drug used to treat the type of diabetes you selected, including proper preparation and administration of this drug. Then, reflect on dietary considerations related to treatment.
Think about the short-term and long-term impact of diabetes you selected on patients, including the effects of drug treatments.
By Day 3 of Week 5
Post a brief explanation of the differences between the types of diabetes, including type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes. Describe one type of drug used to treat the type of diabetes you selected, including proper preparation and administration of this drug. Be sure to include dietary considerations related to treatment. Then, explain the short-term and long-term impact of this type of diabetes on patients. including effects of drug treatments. Be specific and provide examples.
Please use a Heading for each major part of the assignment!
Place your order today!
Diabetes and Drug Treatments
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) has increased dramatically worldwide, becoming a major global public health concern. According to Lin et al. (2020), diabetes mellitus is among the major causes of reduced life expectancy and high mortality rate. This disorder is associated with various factors, including changes in glucose conversion, insulin secretion defects, or a rise in insulin resistance (Antonioli et al., 2016). Both children and adults are at risk of developing diabetes mellitus (DM). In the two patient populations, DM is mainly diagnosed by measuring glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C). However, other tests utilized in DM include the levels of fasting plasma blood sugar (FPG), random blood sugar level, or oral glucose tolerance testing that involves using 2-hour plasma blood sugar levels (Huether & McCance, 2017). This discussion presents differences between type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), gestational, and juvenile diabetes. The paper will also cover a drug used in treating T2DM. Finally, it will include diseases’ short and long-term impacts on the patient.
Diabetes Types
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM)
T1DM is the first common type of diabetes, which is diagnosed in children below 10 years. The onset of T1DM is characterized by high blood sugar, excessive urination, excessive thirst, and unintentional weight loss due to autoimmune dysfunction, which activates various cells, including the CD4, T cell, CD8, and macrophages. The activation of these cells then infiltrates the pancreas resulting in chronic inflammation and destruction, dysfunction, and death of pancreatic B-cell in the body (Antonioli et al., 2016). Additionally, genetics and environmental exposure increase the risk of developing T1DM (Levitsky & Misra, 2019).
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)
Genetically predisposed people mostly develop this condition. It is triggered by various factors, including age, obesity, and physical inactivity due to increased blood sugar levels. Additionally, T2DM is triggered by the inability of the body to generate insulin, convert glucose into energy, or use adequate insulin. This condition is characterized by excessive weight gain, fatigue, frequent infections, slow healing wounds, and visual problems (Blair, 2016). B-cell dysfunction occurs due to immune system activation, inflammation, and infiltration in the pancreas (Antonioli et al., 2016).
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
High blood sugar levels characterize this condition during pregnancy. Nonetheless, this condition is common in expectant mothers with undiagnosed pre-existing diabetes (Heather & McCance, 2017).
Use of Metformin in Managing Type 2 Diabetes
Metformin is considered the first line of treatment for T2DM since it inhibits the liver from producing glucose and raises insulin sensitivity in the muscle (Blair, 2016). The initial dose for adults is an immediate-release tablet, 500 mg taken once or twice daily orally. This drug is taken with a meal to lower gastrointestinal (GI) upset. The dosage is then titrated upwards gradually within 7 days to prevent adverse GI effects. Secondly, the initial adult dosage is increased from Metformin is 1g taken once daily, particularly during the evening meal. It is associated with some contraindications, including hypersensitivity to Metformin. Additionally, it leads to lactic acidosis and chronic or acute metabolic acidosis in diabetes patients with eGFR < 30 mL/minute. Type 2 Diabetes Short-Term and Long-Term Effects and Impact of Drug Treatment Short-term effects of T2DM include hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHNKS) and hypoglycemia. Although HHNKS rarely occurs in diabetes patients, it is attributed to a high mortality rate, especially in geriatrics with comorbidities, including cardiovascular, infections, or renal disease (Huether & McCance, 2017). On the other hand, T2DM is associated with microvascular and macrovascular complications in the long term. The microvascular complications involve the damage of small blood vessels resulting in renal failure, blindness due to retinopathy, and foot disorders, and impotence due to neuropathy. Macrovascular complications involve damage to larger blood vessels resulting in cardiovascular diseases (Blair, 2016). Patients using Metformin should be monitored for Vitamin B12 levels, particularly in patients with anemia or peripheral neuropathy, since Vitamin B12 deficiency occurs following long-term Metformin use. Additionally, renal function and hematologic studies should be conducted initially and annually. References Antonioli, L., Blandizzi, C., Csoka, B., Pacher, P., & Hasko, G. (2016). Adenosine signaling in diabetes mellitus—Pathophysiology and therapeutic considerations. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 11(4), 228-236. Blair, M. (2016). Diabetes mellitus review. Urologic Nursing, 1, 27. https://doi.org/10.7257/1053-816X.2016.36.1.27 Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2017). Understanding pathophysiology (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Levitsky, L.L., & Misra, M. (2019, June 27). Epidemiology, presentation, and diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents. In A.G. Hoppin (Ed.), UpToDate. https://www.uptodate.com/ Lin, X., Xu, Y., Pan, X., Xu, J., Ding, Y., Sun, X., … & Shan, P. F. (2020). Global, regional, and national burden and trend of diabetes in 195 countries and territories: an analysis from 1990 to 2025. Scientific reports, 10(1), 1-11.

So much stress and so little time? Take care of yourself: let us help you with your task on
Diabetes and Drug Treatments
Get a 20% Discount on this Paper
Get Help Now
Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
Sign up, place your order, and leave the rest to our professional paper writers in less than 2 minutes.
step 1
Upload assignment instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Get personalized services with Do My Homeworkk
One writer for all your papers
You can select one writer for all your papers. This option enhances the consistency in the quality of your assignments. Select your preferred writer from the list of writers who have handledf your previous assignments
Same paper from different writers
Are you ordering the same assignment for a friend? You can get the same paper from different writers. The goal is to produce 100% unique and original papers
Copy of sources used
Our homework writers will provide you with copies of sources used on your request. Just add the option when plaing your order
What our partners say about us
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Looks good. Thank you!!!
Customer 452503, April 25th, 2022
Wow! I should never have doubted you guys. Thank you for the excellent grade
Customer 452443, August 27th, 2021
Great services.
Customer 452443, November 22nd, 2021
Although the paper did not make it at the requested time, the writer did reach out to me and asked for a short extension which I was okay with.
Customer 452493, March 16th, 2022
Business Studies
I can't even explain how much your help meant to me. Thnk you always
Customer 452443, November 15th, 2021
Classic English Literature
Customer 452493, April 19th, 2022
Looks good. Thank you!
Customer 452523, September 27th, 2022
Excellent services!
Customer 452443, November 11th, 2021
Business and administrative studies
Thank you so much for your help!!!!!
Customer 452519, November 9th, 2022
A well-researched paper. Delivered before the deadline as well. Extremely pleased !!
Customer 452445, August 20th, 2021
M5A1 Outline and Thesis
Paper was late
Customer 452457, November 15th, 2021
Thank you! Will definitely use the writer again.
Customer 452443, October 22nd, 2021
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat

Order your essay today and save 15% with the discount code ESSAYHELP