[SOLVED] Screening For Diseases

 SCREENING FOR DISEASESPlease answer the questions Knowing the pathogen and its characteristics (including modes of transmission)      where do you think was the most likely point of contamination in the production of the sprouts? In inspecting the alfalfa fields and harvesting process, what possible points of contamination should be considered? What interventions/control measures would you suggest? Why?In preparing a report of this investigation, what possible strengths and limitations should be discussed? Length: Should be at least 4 pages (1000 words) in length, APA format***For the SLP****While the assignment may be based on a real case, the questions can refer to any outbreak that involved sprouts and E. coli 0157:H7. Knowing the specific pathogen (its characteristics, transmission) and the specific food, how could the contamination have occurred? You are asked to think about a possible point of contamination and about measures of control. Here is another potentially useful reference:World Health Organization (2011). Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC). Retrieved May 22, 2012, from http://www.who.int/mediacenter/factsheets/fs125/en/Required ReadingBrown, L. G., Hoover, E. R., Selman, C. A., Coleman, E. W., & Schurz Rogers, H. (2017). Outbreak characteristics associated with identification of contributing factors to foodborne illness outbreaks. Epidemiology and Infection, 145(11), 2254-2262. doi:10.1017/S0950268817001406Castro, V. S., Carvalho, R. C. T., Conte?Junior, C. A., & Figuiredo, E. E. S. (2017). Shiga?toxin producing Escherichia coli: Pathogenicity, super shedding, diagnostic methods, occurrence, and foodborne outbreaks. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 16(6), 1269-1280. doi:10.1111/1541-4337.12302Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019). Steps in a Foodborne Outbreak Investigation. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/outbreaks/investigating-outbreaks/investigations/index.htmlUnited States Food and Drug Administration. (2016). FDA Investigated Multistate Outbreak of E. coli O157 Infections Linked to Alfalfa Sprouts From Jack and the Green Sprouts. Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/food/outbreaks-foodborne-illness/fda-investigated-multistate-outbreak-e-coli-o157-infections-linked-alfalfa-sprouts-jack-and-greenZeng, D., Chen, Z., Jiang, Y., Xue, F., & Li, B. (2016). Advances and challenges in viability detection of foodborne pathogens. Frontiers in Microbiology, 7, 1833. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2016.01833

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[SOLVED] Flu Pandemic

topic: Flu Pandemic (1918)  What damage was done besides just the number of deaths?  What public health measures were put into place, or maybe what measures were not taken that should or could have been taken?  We live in interesting times and are going through an episode that seems unique to us.  But it is not unique; civilizations have met this kind of challenge before.  The United States faced a horrible scenario with the Spanish Flu in the years 1918-1919.  This project will let you explore the role disease has had in upending “normal” life, how people coped with a horrible disease impacting their lives and society in general.  You will also learn how disease actually changed societies.   his paper needs to be:?Between 4-5 pages in length (approximately 1,200 – 1,500 words)?Times New Roman or Arial type in 12-point font?One-inch margins all around?Line spacing at 1.5?If you need a reference page because you cite a source, the references page will not count toward the 4-5 pages that make up the body of the paper.?   Your name should be in a header or footer of the paper.?APA style is probably best to follow, but I will not be strict about this.  Pick a style that works for you and stick with it. 

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[SOLVED] Chronic Diseases

Discuss the impact of expanding technology in developing countries upon the increased burden of chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and hypertension. OR 2.      Discuss diabetes & cardiovascular disease prevention strategies within developing countries. What can be accomplished with limited funds?

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[SOLVED] High Performance People Management Faith Integration

Not all leaders are successful. Carefully study the reign of Saul, the first king of Israel (I Samuel 13-31). What traits did Saul exhibit that either helped or hindered his leadership effectiveness?   Besides traits, how did he use (or not use) some of the ideas from the leadership theories we have studied this week? If you had the opportunity to give Saul some advice, based on our study of leadership, what would you have told him?  Textbook: (CH. 12, 13, 14, 15) Helm-Stevens, R., Kipley, D., (2018). Organizational behavior theory for high performance management. Cognella, Inc . ISBN: 978-1-5165-0794-8

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[SOLVED] Oswego Outbreak

TOPIC: Oswego Outbreak Case Study Read the “Oswego Outbreak Investigation,” located in the Topic Materials. Part 1 Complete the following: Using the line listing in the Excel “Oswego Line Listing Workbook,” calculate the attack rate ratios for each food item using the table in the Excel “Oswego Attack Rate Table.” Create a separate 2×2 table for the food item you think is responsible for the outbreak and interpret the attack rate ratio for this food item. Refer to the “Creating a 2×2 Contingency Table” resource for guidance.Using the line listing in Excel “Oswego Line Listing Workbook,” construct an epidemic curve by the time of onset of illness. What does this curve tell you regarding the average incubation period, source, and transmission? Using the incubation range and clinical symptoms, identify potential infectious agents that could be responsible for the outbreak (refer to the Topic Material, “Compendium of Acute Foodborne      and Waterborne Diseases”). Discuss your rationale. Part 2 In a 500-750 word paper, evaluate the situation and present your findings. Including the following:Does this case meet the definition of an “outbreak?” Why or why not?Identify the steps required to investigate an outbreak. How did these steps help in investigating the Oswego event? Include the relevant information needed for each step to be successful.Discuss the possible routes of transmission for the expected agent.Based on this information, what control measures would you recommend? State whether they are primary, secondary, or tertiary prevention strategies. General Requirements Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite.  STUDY MATERIALS Read Chapters 3-5 and 18 in Gordis Epidemiology. Read “Types of Surveillance,” located on the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine website. URL:http://conflict.lshtm.ac.uk/page_75.htm Read “WHO Report on Global Surveillance of Epidemic-Prone Infectious Diseases – Introduction,” located on the World Health Organization (WHO) website. URL: https://www.who.int/csr/resources/publications/introduction/en/ Read “CDC 24-7 Fact of the Week,” located on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. URL:https://www.cdc.gov/about/facts/index.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fabout%2Ffacts%2Fcdcfastfacts%2Fsurveillance.htmlRead “Two by Two Tables,” by Sullivan, Dean, and Pezzullo, from OpenEpi: Open Source Epidemiologic Statistics for Public Health (2013), located on the OpenEpi website. URL: http://www.openepi.com/TwobyTwo/TwobyTwo.htmRead “Goodness of Measurement: Reliability and Validity,” by Bajpai and Bajpai, from International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health (2014). URL: https://www.ejmanager.com/mnstemps/67/67-1380953319.pdf Use the “Compendium of Acute Foodborne and Waterborne Diseases,” located on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website, to assist in completing the Oswego Outbreak Case History assignment. URL: https://www.cdc.gov/eis/casestudies/xoswego.401.303.compendium.pdfView “How to Create an Epidemic Curve,” by Martin (2016), located on the YouTube website. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dn84ezAzV4kView “Know How to Interpret an Epidemic Curve?” by Martin (2017), located on the YouTube website. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7SM4PN7Yg1sExplore the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) page of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. URL: https://wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/Explore Public Health Surveillance and Data page of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. URL: https://www.cdc.gov/surveillance/

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[SOLVED] Infectious Disease

Describe the steps in investigating an infectious disease outbreak. Why do investigators collect information about clinical symptoms, attack rates, and the incubation period? In your opinion, why are there so many world-wide deaths caused by vaccine-preventable diseases? Apply the epidemiologic triangle to the transmission of communicable diseases. Compare microbial agents associated with infectious diseases. Response Parameters Must be written in APA style and be at least 300 words, excluding heading, titles, and references. The source material used in all assignments, including the class text, must be properly cited and referenced in accordance with APA style!! No Plagiarism !!  

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[Get Solution] Oswego Outbreak

TOPIC: Oswego Outbreak Case Study Read the “Oswego Outbreak Investigation,” located in the Topic Materials. Part 1 Complete the following: Using the line listing in the Excel “Oswego Line Listing Workbook,” calculate the attack rate ratios for each food item using the table in the Excel “Oswego Attack Rate Table.” Create a separate 2×2 table for the food item you think is responsible for the outbreak and interpret the attack rate ratio for this food item. Refer to the “Creating a 2×2 Contingency Table” resource for guidance.Using the line listing in Excel “Oswego Line Listing Workbook,” construct an epidemic curve by the time of onset of illness. What does this curve tell you regarding the average incubation period, source, and transmission? Using the incubation range and clinical symptoms, identify potential infectious agents that could be responsible for the outbreak (refer to the Topic Material, “Compendium of Acute Foodborne      and Waterborne Diseases”). Discuss your rationale. Part 2 In a 500-750 word paper, evaluate the situation and present your findings. Including the following:Does this case meet the definition of an “outbreak?” Why or why not?Identify the steps required to investigate an outbreak. How did these steps help in investigating the Oswego event? Include the relevant information needed for each step to be successful.Discuss the possible routes of transmission for the expected agent.Based on this information, what control measures would you recommend? State whether they are primary, secondary, or tertiary prevention strategies. General Requirements Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite.  STUDY MATERIALS Read Chapters 3-5 and 18 in Gordis Epidemiology. Read “Types of Surveillance,” located on the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine website. URL:http://conflict.lshtm.ac.uk/page_75.htm Read “WHO Report on Global Surveillance of Epidemic-Prone Infectious Diseases – Introduction,” located on the World Health Organization (WHO) website. URL: https://www.who.int/csr/resources/publications/introduction/en/ Read “CDC 24-7 Fact of the Week,” located on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. URL:https://www.cdc.gov/about/facts/index.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fabout%2Ffacts%2Fcdcfastfacts%2Fsurveillance.htmlRead “Two by Two Tables,” by Sullivan, Dean, and Pezzullo, from OpenEpi: Open Source Epidemiologic Statistics for Public Health (2013), located on the OpenEpi website. URL: http://www.openepi.com/TwobyTwo/TwobyTwo.htmRead “Goodness of Measurement: Reliability and Validity,” by Bajpai and Bajpai, from International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health (2014). URL: https://www.ejmanager.com/mnstemps/67/67-1380953319.pdf Use the “Compendium of Acute Foodborne and Waterborne Diseases,” located on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website, to assist in completing the Oswego Outbreak Case History assignment. URL: https://www.cdc.gov/eis/casestudies/xoswego.401.303.compendium.pdfView “How to Create an Epidemic Curve,” by Martin (2016), located on the YouTube website. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dn84ezAzV4kView “Know How to Interpret an Epidemic Curve?” by Martin (2017), located on the YouTube website. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7SM4PN7Yg1sExplore the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) page of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. URL: https://wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/Explore Public Health Surveillance and Data page of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. URL: https://www.cdc.gov/surveillance/

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[Get Solution] Flu Pandemic

topic: Flu Pandemic (1918)  What damage was done besides just the number of deaths?  What public health measures were put into place, or maybe what measures were not taken that should or could have been taken?  We live in interesting times and are going through an episode that seems unique to us.  But it is not unique; civilizations have met this kind of challenge before.  The United States faced a horrible scenario with the Spanish Flu in the years 1918-1919.  This project will let you explore the role disease has had in upending “normal” life, how people coped with a horrible disease impacting their lives and society in general.  You will also learn how disease actually changed societies.   his paper needs to be:?Between 4-5 pages in length (approximately 1,200 – 1,500 words)?Times New Roman or Arial type in 12-point font?One-inch margins all around?Line spacing at 1.5?If you need a reference page because you cite a source, the references page will not count toward the 4-5 pages that make up the body of the paper.?   Your name should be in a header or footer of the paper.?APA style is probably best to follow, but I will not be strict about this.  Pick a style that works for you and stick with it. 

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[Get Solution] Communicable Diseases

Describe the steps in investigating an infectious disease outbreak. Why do investigators collect information about clinical symptoms, attack rates, and the incubation period? In your opinion, why are there so many world-wide deaths caused by vaccine-preventable diseases? Apply the epidemiologic triangle to the transmission of communicable diseases. Compare microbial agents associated with infectious diseases. Response Parameters Must be written in APA style and be at least 300 words, excluding heading, titles, and references. The source material used in all assignments, including the class text, must be properly cited and referenced in accordance with APA style!! No Plagiarism !!  For more information read this: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infection

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[Get Solution] Screening For Diseases

 SCREENING FOR DISEASESPlease answer the questions Knowing the pathogen and its characteristics (including modes of transmission)      where do you think was the most likely point of contamination in the production of the sprouts? In inspecting the alfalfa fields and harvesting process, what possible points of contamination should be considered? What interventions/control measures would you suggest? Why?In preparing a report of this investigation, what possible strengths and limitations should be discussed? Length: Should be at least 4 pages (1000 words) in length, APA format***For the SLP****While the assignment may be based on a real case, the questions can refer to any outbreak that involved sprouts and E. coli 0157:H7. Knowing the specific pathogen (its characteristics, transmission) and the specific food, how could the contamination have occurred? You are asked to think about a possible point of contamination and about measures of control. Here is another potentially useful reference:World Health Organization (2011). Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC). Retrieved May 22, 2012, from http://www.who.int/mediacenter/factsheets/fs125/en/Required ReadingBrown, L. G., Hoover, E. R., Selman, C. A., Coleman, E. W., & Schurz Rogers, H. (2017). Outbreak characteristics associated with identification of contributing factors to foodborne illness outbreaks. Epidemiology and Infection, 145(11), 2254-2262. doi:10.1017/S0950268817001406Castro, V. S., Carvalho, R. C. T., Conte?Junior, C. A., & Figuiredo, E. E. S. (2017). Shiga?toxin producing Escherichia coli: Pathogenicity, super shedding, diagnostic methods, occurrence, and foodborne outbreaks. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 16(6), 1269-1280. doi:10.1111/1541-4337.12302Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019). Steps in a Foodborne Outbreak Investigation. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/outbreaks/investigating-outbreaks/investigations/index.htmlUnited States Food and Drug Administration. (2016). FDA Investigated Multistate Outbreak of E. coli O157 Infections Linked to Alfalfa Sprouts From Jack and the Green Sprouts. Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/food/outbreaks-foodborne-illness/fda-investigated-multistate-outbreak-e-coli-o157-infections-linked-alfalfa-sprouts-jack-and-greenZeng, D., Chen, Z., Jiang, Y., Xue, F., & Li, B. (2016). Advances and challenges in viability detection of foodborne pathogens. Frontiers in Microbiology, 7, 1833. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2016.01833

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