Assignment: Global Warming Writing Project

Assignment: Global Warming Writing Project ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Assignment: Global Warming Writing Project Fairleigh Dickinson University Public Administration Program Course Syllabus – Fall 2020 PADM-6821 M.P.A. Project Report Contact Information: Professor: Email: Dr. Billy Brown Jr. [email protected] Office Phone and Voicemail: 732-403-1235 (cell) Office Hours: By appointment Class Time: Saturday @ 11am Class Location: Neptune Township/Online Course Description: An analytic, written report detailing action-oriented research accomplished for a public agency. Learning Outcomes: An ability to write an analytic report detailing action-oriented research accomplished for a public agency. Knowledge of the concepts, principles, and theories in public administration, such as those concerning public policy analysis, budgeting, and management of public and nonprofit organizations. An ability to engage in critical thinking about issues and concepts in public administration. An ability to write clearly and effectively. An ability to locate and analyze research and reports in the field of public administration. Required Text: APA: The Easy Way! (Updated for APA 6th edition), by Peggy M. Houghton and Timothy J. Houghton (2009). Or A Pocket Style Manual, APA Version / Edition 6, by Diana Hacker and Nancy Sommers Page 1 of 10 University and the Anthony J. Petrocelli College of Continuing Studies Public Administration Institute Policies and Procedures Attendance and Participation This course is designed to enable you to achieve the course objectives and gain the knowledge and skills you need, not only in this course, but in your program of study and in your professional practice after leaving the University. To achieve these goals, you need to attend each class and actively participate in the planned learning experiences. Attendance and participation are expected. Use of Electronic Devices No cell phone, texting, emailing, recording of the class session, or other communications to/from those outside the class should occur during the class session. All electronic devices not being used for this class should not be visible or heard during the class, as there is a zero tolerance policy for such. Academic Integrity All assignments for this course must be your original work and done for this course; work done for another course is not acceptable. Integrity is one of the core values of an effective manager and organizational leader and is essential to collegial pursuit of truth and knowledge. Academic dishonesty is a serious offense which may result in failure of the course and even dismissal from the University. Anyone who willfully assists anther in the breach of integrity is held equally responsible and subject to the same penalty. According to University policy, academic dishonesty is defined as any act of cheating, fabrication, plagiarism, and abuse of resources, forgery of academic documents, dissimulation, or sabotage, and any act of aiding and abetting academic dishonesty. Please refer to your catalog for additional information. Grading Definitions: Assignment: Global Warming Writing Project This is a Pass/Fail course. COURSE ASSIGNMENTS Introduction, Leadership Assignment Background, Statement of the Problem CLASS DATES 08/29/2 0 9/12/20 DUE DATES 09/09/2 0 09/21/2 0 10/05/2 0 10/26/2 0 11/03/2 0 Purpose of the Study, Limitation of the Study Research Questions, Design and Methodology Data Collection 09/26/2 0 10/10/2 0 10/24/2 0 First Draft Due 11/07/2 0 11/16/2 0 Second Draft 11/21/2 0 12/05/2 0 11/30/2 0 12/05/2 0 Final Paper Due (2 Approved Hard Copies) Page 2 of 10 All assignments are expected in my email in-box by 8:00 pm Eastern Standard Time on the day they are due. Problems with your computer are the technology equivalent of “my dog ate my homework.” Since you know what your assignment is and when it is due, you can complete your assignment ANY TIME prior to the due date, there is really no excuse for not getting your assignment in early, or at the very least on time. Completing your assignments early is a MAJOR advantage that you have over a traditional class. I STRONGLY RECOMMEND that you submit your assignments at least ONE FULL DAY AHEAD OF THE DUE DATE AND TIME. In cases of emergency, please contact me to make special arrangements for turning in the assignment—in advance of the due date. APA Formatting Your paper needs to include the following items in the way they appear: Title Page 1 page (do not insert a running head or page number on this page) Table of Contents 1 page (Use more pages if needed) Abstract ½ page-1 page (This section will be completed after you finish your paper.) Dedication 1 page (Optional) Leadership 5 pages Background 2 pages Statement of the problem 2-3 pages Purpose of the Study 1-2 pages Limitations of the Study 1-2 pages Research Questions 1 page (A minimum of 8-10 questions) Design and Methodology 1 page Data Collection 2-3 pages Begin your paper 35-40 pages (You should have one section for each research question) Conclusion 2-3 pages References/Bibliography (you should have a minimum of 25) Appendix (If needed) Your paper should be typed, double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5? x 11?) with 1? margins on all sides. APA recommends using 12 pt. Times New Roman font. You should space once after a period that ends a sentence. The following information should help you complete each section. Table of Contents This section should be done last. Your page numbers may change due to formatting. Abstract The abstract is a succinct, single-paragraph summary of your paper’s purpose, main points, method, findings, and conclusions, and is often recommended to be written after the rest of your paper has been completed. Your abstract should be between 150 and 250 words. This section should be done last. Leadership Introduction This section is about the type of leader you are and how it has influenced your career path. Page 3 of 10 Background Start your study by asking general questions: A. What is your main research question? C. Why do you wish to pursue this issue? B. What do you wish to pursue? D. Why is it important to study this topic? Statement of the Problem What is the problem? What should be done to better understand the problem? What has been done by others who examined the topic of interest to you? Is there a vast literature or is it limited? What are the contributing or mitigating factors? How do you propose tackling this problem? What are the minor questions, which flow out of the major question that you wish to explore? Are there subquestions that flow from your primary question? Should you address those also? Is your focus too broad? Too narrow? What is the context and background? Who else, besides yourself, believes that there is a problem that warrants investigating? Why does this—the subject or topic—matter? In other words, why should this study be conducted. Purpose of The Study What and why you wish to pursue this topic. Assignment: Global Warming Writing Project A. “The purpose statement should provide a specific and accurate synopsis of the overall purpose of the study” (Locke, Spirduso, & Silverman, 1987, p. 5). If the purpose is not clear to the writer, it cannot be clear to the reader. B. Briefly define and delimit the specific area of the research. You will revisit this in greater detail in a later section. C. Foreshadow the hypotheses to be tested or the questions to be raised, as well as the significance of the study. These will require specific elaboration in subsequent sections. D. Key points to keep in mind when preparing a purpose statement. 1. Try to incorporate a sentence that begins with “The purpose of this study is . . .”This will clarify your own mind as to the purpose and it will inform the reader directly and explicitly. 2. Clearly identify and define the central concepts or ideas of the study. Some committee Chairs prefer a separate section to this end. When defining terms, make a judicious choice between using descriptive or operational definitions. 3. Identify the specific method of inquiry to be used. 4. Identify the unit of analysis in the study. Limitations of The Study All studies have limitations. However, it is important that you restrict your discussion to limitations related to the research problem under investigation. For example, if a meta-analysis of existing literature is not a stated purpose of your research, it should not be discussed as a limitation. Do not apologize for not addressing issues that you did not promise to investigate in your paper. Here are examples of limitations you may need to describe and to discuss how they possibly impacted your findings. Descriptions of limitations should be stated in the past tense. Possible Methodological Limitations Sample size — the number of the units of analysis you use in your study is dictated by the type of research problem you are investigating. Note that, if your sample size is too small, it will be difficult to find significant relationships from the data, as statistical tests normally require a larger sample size to ensure a representative distribution of the population and to be considered representative of groups of people to whom results will be generalized or transferred. Page 4 of 10 Lack of available and/or reliable data — a lack of data or of reliable data will likely require you to limit the scope of your analysis, the size of your sample, or it can be a significant obstacle in finding a trend and a meaningful relationship. You need to not only describe these limitations but to offer reasons why you believe data is missing or is unreliable. However, do not just throw up your hands in frustration; use this as an opportunity to describe the need for future research. Lack of prior research studies on the topic — citing prior research studies forms the basis of your literature review and helps lay a foundation for understanding the research problem you are investigating. Depending on the currency or scope of your research topic, there may be little, if any, prior research on your topic. Before assuming this to be true, consult with a librarian! In cases when a librarian has confirmed that there is a lack of prior research, you may be required to develop an entirely new research typology [for example, using an exploratory rather than an explanatory research design]. Note that this limitation can serve as an important opportunity to describe the need for further research. Measure used to collect the data — sometimes it is the case that, after completing your interpretation of the findings, you discover that the way in which you gathered data inhibited your ability to conduct a thorough analysis of the results. For example, you regret not including a specific question in a survey that, in retrospect, could have helped address a particular issue that emerged later in the study. Acknowledge the deficiency by stating a need in future research to revise the specific method for gathering data. Assignment: Global Warming Writing Project Self-reported data — whether you are relying on pre-existing self-reported data or you are conducting a qualitative research study and gathering the data yourself, self-reported data is limited by the fact that it rarely can be independently verified. In other words, you have to take what people say, whether in interviews, focus groups, or on questionnaires, at face value. However, self-reported data contains several potential sources of bias that should be noted as limitations: (1) selective memory (remembering or not remembering experiences or events that occurred at some point in the past); (2) telescoping [recalling events that occurred at one time as if they occurred at another time]; (3) attribution [the act of attributing positive events and outcomes to one’s own agency but attributing negative events and outcomes to external forces]; and, (4) exaggeration [the act of representing outcomes or embellishing events as more significant than is actually suggested from other data]. Possible Limitations of the Researcher Access — if your study depends on having access to people, organizations, or documents and, for whatever reason, access is denied or otherwise limited, the reasons for this needs to be described. Longitudinal effects — unlike your professor, who can literally devote years [even a lifetime] to studying a single research problem, the time available to investigate a research problem and to measure change or stability within a sample is constrained by the due date of your assignment. Be sure to choose a topic that does not require an excessive amount of time to complete the literature review, apply the methodology, and gather and interpret the results. If you are unsure, talk to your professor. Cultural and other type of bias — we all have biases, whether we are conscience of them or not. Bias occurs when a person, place, or thing is viewed or shown in a consistently inaccurate way. It is usually negative, though one can have a positive bias as well. When proofreading your paper, be especially critical in reviewing how you have stated a problem, selected the data to be studied, what may have been omitted, and the manner in which you have ordered events. Consider how you have chosen to represent a person, place or thing, to name a phenomenon, or to use possible words with a positive or negative connotation. Note that if you detect bias in prior research, it must be acknowledged and you should explain what measures were taken to avoid perpetuating bias. Research Questions This section will include the research questions that will drive your study. You should have 8-10 questions. Design and Methodology The methods section of a research paper provides the information by which a study’s validity is judged. The method section answers two main questions: 1) How was the data collected or generated? 2) How was it Page 5 of 10 analyzed? The writing should be direct and precise and written in the past tense. You must explain how you obtained and analyzed your results for the following reasons: Readers need to know how the data was obtained because the method you choose affects the results and, by extension, how you likely interpreted those results. Methodology is crucial for any branch of scholarship because an unreliable method produces unreliable results and it misappropriates interpretations of findings. In most cases, there are a variety of different methods you can choose to investigate a research problem.Assignment: Global Warming Writing Project Your methodology section of your paper should make clear the reasons why you chose a particular method or procedure. The reader wants to know that the data was collected or generated in a way that is consistent with accepted practice in the field of study. For example, if you are using a questionnaire, readers need to know that it offered your respondents a reasonable range of answers to choose from. The research method must be appropriate to the objectives of the study. For example, be sure you have a large enough sample size to be able to generalize and make recommendations based upon the findings. The methodology should discuss the problems that were anticipated and the steps you took to prevent them from occurring. For any problems that did arise, you must describe the ways in which their impact was minimized or why these problems do not affect the findings in any way that impacts your interpretation of the data. Often in social science research, it is useful for other researchers to adapt or replicate your methodology. Therefore, it is important to always provide sufficient information to allow others to use or replicate the study. This information is particularly important when a new method had been developed or an innovative use of an existing method has been utilized. Data Collection Outline the general plan for collecting the data. This may include survey administration procedures, interview or observation procedures. Include an explicit statement covering the field controls to be employed. ION%20METHODS.htm Begin Your Paper You will start answering each of your research questions in this section. Each research question should yield 2-3 pages. Summary, Conclusions, Recommendations Repeat some of the same information found in Section / Chapter I—a general overview of the topic (very, very, brief) purpose of the study; major question and minor questions as they relate to the topic under examination. Discussion about what you found. Be careful not to repeat information recorded in the results section / chapter. Only include what is relevant to your discussion and analysis, particularly any hypotheses you may have had. Focus on your main results or primary findings. Address the questions posed—use the data from your analysis to answer the questions for your study. Draw some conclusions about what you found. It is acceptable to do some speculation in this section / chapter related to your findings, but it should be objective and should flow from the literature and your results. Shortcomings. Provide a brief concluding or summarizing section / chapter. Assignment: Global Warming Writing Project Provide some recommendations for further study. Page 6 of 10 References Be sure to include all necessary approval letters, surveys, instruments, and other relevant information in the appendix. Review your reference list to ensure that it is complete (do not include works not cited in the text) and that it is consistent with the latest style manual. Primary and Secondary Sources Confused about the difference between primary and secondary sources? A primary source is a document created at the time of your research subject, about your research subject. These documents are directly connected with the events or people being researched. A secondary source is a document created at a later time than the event being researched, by someone who did not experience the said event. These documents have no direct connection with the events or people being researched. Below is a chart listing examples of primary and secondary sources. Primary Sources Data and Original Research Diaries and Journals Speeches and Interviews Letters and Memos Autobiographies and Memoirs Books or articles written at the time of the event Government Documents Census Statistics Organizational Records Documentaries Photographs Art (from the time period) Maps (from the time period) Internet communications (including listservs and Emails) Any of the above reprinted in the original format and language Secondary Sources Encyclopedias Chronologies Biographies Monographs (a specialized book or article) Most journal articles (unless written at the time of the event) Most published books (unless written at the time of the event) Abstracts of articles Paraphrased quotations Dictionaries Textbooks Wikipedia is tertiary source and cannot be used for your paper. You may notice that the list of examples for primary sources is longer than for secondary. Do not let that fool you. While there may be more types of primary sources, secondary sources are the majority of documents you will come across in everyday life. Most of the sources you use in a research paper or thesis should be primary sources, not secondary sources. Page 7 of 10 Some helpful information and websites on APA Fonts and Size Times New Roman in 12 pt. should be used throughout all papers. Helpful Hints: Microsoft Office Word 2007—default font is Calibri, 11 point. To change it to Times New Roman, select Home and then font style and 12 pt. Margins APA guidelines (2010) require one inch margins around; that is, one inch margin on the top, bottom, left, and right sides of the page. Helpful Hints: • • Microsoft Office Word 2003—default margins are one inch for top and bottom, and 1.25 inches on right and left margins. To change this, go to Find, select … Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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