[SOLVED] Accent and Ethnic Backgrounds Influencing Court
Submit a 2000 words paper on the topic Accent and Ethnic Backgrounds Influencing Court. Perceptions as Eyewitnesses. Quite contrary, an employer can exercise discriminatory procedures if a countrys judiciary mechanism appreciates in theory the relationship between language and identity. This research material seeks to establish the relationship between two factors, accent, and ethnic background and their general perceived effect on making eyewitness strong convincing case during court proceedings during criminal trials. This research study was conducted using 120 participants randomly assigned to conditions. Six avatar variations were developed and videotaped. During the study a considerable effort was made to vary the video recordings between the accent and ethnic orientations of the subjects. Credibility or favorability variable was used. Results indicate a strong relationship between the four study parameters and accent. The study further revealed that Ethnicity alone and accent treated separately do not have a significant effect on favorability of witnesses, but their combined effect is very significant to the Lebanese. Experimental analysis was done drawing from Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM). Other related studies by Frumkin (2007), Lev-Ari and Keyser (2010) were used to explain the observed results and to determine the relevance of applicability of the findings in legal judicial proceeding. Introduction Varying degrees exist on how we process information from the external environment and from other people. Usually a lot of information that we receive are from other people, (Soll, 1999. Yaniv 2004), and with this there is a tendency among people to evaluate the authenticity of the information received (Fergusson & Zayas, 2009) which are influenced by varied factors including credibility of the information presented, how reasonable the information appears, and how much cognitive capacity is presented. (Lev-Ari and Keyser, 2010) There is a consensus among research studies that non-native speakers have a language accent that differs to varying extent to the original speakers and this has caused the non native speakers to appear as persons of low credibility perhaps attributed to two main reasons. (1) the accent sets a signal and (2) it makes it harder for speech processing. In most situations the native speakers are quick to recognize the non-native speakers on how they pronounce words and this subsequently develops into some sort of prejudice that severely affect the credibility of the speaker. (Le-Ari and Keyser, 2010) One factor influencing the court proceedings is the language used in the presentation of eyewitness accounts of events especially if used by a non-native speaker of that language, Federal Register (1988) describes this language as a powerless language this would include answering questions in unsure way or using a different accent in the pronunciation of words. Documentary in the Federal Register (1988) suggests that witnesses who use this type of language is considered less intelligent, lowly competent, and less believable if compared with their English counterparts who are generally regarded as more competent and truthful when they use the standard English accent. Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM. Petty & Cacioppo, 1981) as an attitude model is believed to provide a framework for the organization, categorization, and understanding of the basic processes and principles that tend to underline effectiveness of persuasive communication.
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